The European Union has set an ambitious goal for all Member States to increase the share of energy from renewable sources by 2020, in order to reach an average level for the whole of the Community at 20%. In the case of Poland, this target figure amounts to 15%.
This decision provides legal framework for actions promoting production of electricity from renewable sources. It also requires to create national action plans setting the path for the development of renewable energy sources, including bioenergy. It generates cooperation mechanisms, which will help achieve this goal in an economical way, and establishes sustainability criteria for biofuels.
“Electricity can be generated from all types of biomass. Several reliable technologies are available. These technologies can be used to run freestanding power stations. Large centralized power plants, like those used to burn straw in Denmark […] offer the best economic performance. The Commission encourages Member States to harness the potential of all cost-effective forms of biomass electricity generation.”
European Commission, Biomass Action Plan, 2005
MARKET OF BIOMASS IN POLAND
In order to complement the energy obtained from coal, Poland will have to develop the renewable energy sector. According to TergoPower estimates, supported by many studies and reports, 10-15 straw-fired power plants with a total installed capacity of 500-750 MW (50 MW each facility) could be constructed in Poland. The annual production of electricity from straw in the country could be 4-6 TWh and would make c. 3-4% of electricity production in Poland.
According to the forecasts of the Polish government, primary energy consumption in 2010-2020 will grow at a rate of 1.5% per year, while the consumption of energy from renewable sources will reach the level of 15,58% by 2010.
„The most important and stable types of renewable energy sources in Poland are: biomass, agricultural biogas, as well as in the coming years, distributed energy, based on a prosumer model and energy clusters system.”
Minister of Energy Krzysztof Tchórzewski, October 2016.